Verb Phrase & Tenses


Pengertian Verb Phrase

Verb phrase berdasarkan traditional grammar adalah kelompok kata berupa main verb (kata kerja utama( dan auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu), sedangkan berdasarkan generative grammar adalah predicate — main verb beserta seluruh elemen yang melengkapinya: auxiliary verb, complement (objek kalimat), dan/atau modifier, namun tidak termasuk subjek kalimat.

Verb Phrase
Traditional Grammar main verb
Generative Grammar +/- auxiliary verb + main verb +/- complement +/- modifier

Keterangan:

  • Complement (objek kalimat)  dibutuhkan jika kata kerja utama berupa transitive verb.
  • Modifier dapat berupa adjective, adverb, atau konstruksi lain yang berfungsi seperti salah satu dari part of speech tersebut.

Tabel Verb Phrase: Traditional vs Generative Grammar

Contoh Kalimat Verb Phrase Verb Phrase
Traditional Grammar Generative Grammar
He sleeps without a pillow.
(Dia tidur tanpa bantal.)
sleeps sleeps without a pillow
I will ask you a question.
(Saya akan menanyakan satu pertanyaan kepadamu.)
will ask will ask you a question

Contoh Verb Phrase

Contoh-contoh verb phrase berikut berdasarkan traditional grammar. Keterangan: Verb phrase = bold.

Contoh Kalimat Verb Phrase Keterangan
I enjoy swimming.
(Saya menikmati berenang.)
enjoy = main verb
You should see a doctor during pregnancy.
(Kamu seharusnya mengunjungi dokter selama hamil.)
should = modal auxiliary verb;
see = main verb
It has just been raining in Bandung.
(Baru saja turun hujan di Bandung.)
has, been = auxiliary verb;
just = adverb (modifier);
raining = main verb berupa present participle
That is yours.
(Itu milikmu.)
is = main verb berupa linking verb
He has worked at the office since January.
(Dia telah bekerja di kantor itu sejak Januari.)
has = auxiliary verb;
worked = main verb berupa past participle

 

Latihan Soal :

Di bawah ini 10 contoh soal verb phrase berbentuk pilihan ganda. Tentukan yang mana verb phrase (atau main verb saja jika tidak ada auxiliary) berdasarkan traditional grammar.

1. Tika and I are going to visit our college friend tomorrow.

a. are going to visit

b. going

c. are going

2. My parents knew I would get a good GMAT score.

a. would get a good GMAT score

b. would get

c. get

3. I do finish what I’ve started.

a. do

b. do finish

c. finish

4. I have not met him yet.

a. have not met

b. have met

c. have not met him

5. He won’t have been sleeping long when you pick him up.

a. won’t have been sleeping long

b. won’t have been sleeping

c. will have been sleeping

6. She is walking down the hill now.

a. is walking

b. walking

c. is walking down

7. You should often clean your cats’ bowl.

a. should clean

b. often clean

c. should often clean

8. They will also try the traditional food when visiting Egypt.

a. will try

b. try

c. will also try

9. Julia doesn’t hate working on saturdays.

a. doesn’t hate working

b. does hate

c. does hate working

10. My nephew wants to be a doctor.

a. wants

b. wants to be a doctor

c. wants to be

 

 

 

 

 

Sumber :

http://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-contoh-kalimat-verb-phrase

http://www.wordsmile.com/contoh-soal-verb-phrase-jawabannya

 

 

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